Flag of Rwanda


The Republic of Rwanda is a small, mountainous, landlocked country in the Great Lakes region of east-central Africa, with a population of approximately 8 million. It is bordered by Uganda to the north, Tanzania to the east, Burundi to the south and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. The country is well known to the outside world for the infamous 1994 Rwandan genocide that resulted in the deaths of up to one million people.

Rwanda's fertile and hilly terrain, which gives it the title "Land of a Thousand Hills", supports the densest populations in continental Africa. This high (and increasing) population density, along with dependence on subsistence agriculture, decreasing soil fertility and uncertain climate, make Rwanda a country where chronic malnutrition is widespread and poverty endemic.

The capital city of Kigali is mainly a commercial and administrative centre. The principal areas of interest are the Virunga Volcanoes, the Kagera National Park and the region around Lake Kivu. Kibungu, in the east of the country, is in the centre of a region of lakes and waterfalls that include Lake Mungesera and the Rusumo Falls. Further west is the Parc des Volcans, one of the last sanctuaries of the mountain gorilla. This region is composed of volcanic mountains, of which two, across the frontier in Democratic Republic of Congo, are still active.

Apart from the many small bars, there is little in the way of nightlife. The Rwanda National Ballet is famous for its traditional dancing and singing and can be seen either at national ceremonies or sometimes on request in the villages.

Map of Rwanda