Flag of Mongolia


Mongolia is the world's second-largest landlocked country, and is bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south. At 1,564,116 square kilometres, it is the 19th largest country in the world, but is one of the least densely populated. Much of its area is covered by arid and unproductive steppes with mountains to the north and west and the Gobi Desert to the south. Approximately 30 percent of the country's 2.8 million people are nomadic or semi-nomadic.

The weather is bitterly cold during the winter, dropping down to -40°C in parts. With many types of terrain - from desert to verdant mountains - the weather during the summer varies from region to region. Generally, however, this time of year is marked with frequent rain, and it can still become quite cool at night.

What makes Mongolia incredibly special is that there is vey little to see, and there are only one or two classic-tourist sites to visit whilst you're there. The real draw of this country lies in its vast emptiness, bringing the traveller into a close connection with nature and its nomadic inhabitants. The country has seen an increase in popularity since the programme 'The Long Way Around'; with Ewan McGregor, which saw travelling on motorbike through the seemingly endless dirt tracks that link this massive country.

Map of Mongolia