Flag of Falkland Islands

Falkland Islands

The Falkland Islands are an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean, located 483 km (300 mi) from the coast of South America; 1,080 km (671 mi) west of the Shag Rocks (South Georgia); and 940 km (584 mi) north of Antarctica (Elephant Island). They consist of two main islands, East Falkland and West Falkland, together with about 700 smaller islands. Stanley, on East Falkland, is the capital and largest city. The islands are a self-governing Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom, but have been the subject of a claim to sovereignty by Argentina, where they are known as the Malvinas.

This claim led to the two-month-long undeclared Falklands War in 1982, and since that time, half the island's inhabitants have consisted of British military personnel. Despite being located next door to South America and Antarctica, the Falklands are British through and through, with many of the island's citizens tracing their origins back to early nineteenth century Scottish immigration.

Map of the Falkland Islands