Getting There & Getting About

International Airports

  • Berlin-Tergel (TXL): 8 km from nearest city.
  • Berlin-Schonefeld (SXF) 20 km from nearest city.
  • Berlin-Tempelhof (THF) 6 km from nearest city.
  • Cologne (CGN) 14 km from nearest city.
  • Dusseldorf (DUS) 8 km from nearest city.
  • Hamburg (HAM) 9 km from nearest city.
  • Munich (MUC) 28.5 km from nearest city.
  • Rhein-Main-Flughafen (FRA): 12 km from nearest city.
  • Stuttgart (STR) 14 km from nearest city.
  • Full list of airports in Germany with associated airport codes >

Internal Transport

There are over 100 airports located in Germany. The hub of Germany's internal flights is Frankfurt am Main (Rhein-Main-Flughafen), and all airports in the Federal Republic of Germany can be reached in an hour or less from here. Helgoland (HGL), Sylt (GWT) and some other Friesian Islands are served by air taxi services or seasonal services operated by regional airlines.

Ferry services are operated on Kiel Fjord and from Cuxhaven to Helgoland and to the East and North Friesian Islands. Regular scheduled boat services operate on most lakes, rivers and coastal waters, including the Danube, Main, Moselle, Rhine and Ammer See. Lake Constance is served by regular car ferries, steamers and pleasure boats between the German, Austrian and Swiss shores. There are cruises available along the Rhine and Moselle rivers, which operate daily from April to late October. Other cruises take place on the Elbe between Dresden and Hamburg.

Germany has an excellent high-speed train network, with connections between all major towns and also to Austria, Belgium, The Netherlands and Switzerland. There are non-stop services from Frankfurt am Main to Berlin, Hamburg and Munich, and from Cologne to Stuttgart and Hamburg. More than 50 cities, including Berlin, Dresden and Leipzig, are served hourly by InterCity, whilst regional centres are connected by local trains. InterRail's One-Country Pass offers travel for 3, 4, 6 or 8 days in one month within Germany. Supplements are required for some high-speed services. There are also a number of Bahncards available, which offer different discount schemes for travel within Germany.

Buses serve small towns and villages without railway stations. However, there are not many long-distance services. Europabus runs services on special scenic routes such as the Castle Road (between Mannheim/Heidelberg to Rothenburg and Nuremberg) and the Romantic Road (Wiesbaden/Frankfurt to Munich/Füssen).

Germany is covered by a modern network of toll-free motorways (Autobahnen). Unless otherwise indicated, there is no maximum speed limit on Autobahns, but 130 kph (81 mph) is recommended. Speed limits elsewhere are 50 kph (31 mph) in built-up areas and 100 kph (62 mph) on all roads outside built-up areas. Car hire is available at most towns, airports, and at over 40 railway stations - all major international car hire companies are present in Germany. The minimum driving age is 18.

All urban areas have efficient local bus services, which are complemented in larger cities by trams, and suburban or underground trains. Tickets must be purchased from ticket machines before boarding; there are frequent ticket inspections, with on-the-spot fines for those without. Fines are also given to pedestrians crossing the road when the crossing lights are red, even if there is no traffic on the road.