Getting There & Getting About

International Airports

Internal Transport

There are daily flights between Cairo, Luxor, Eilat, Alexandria, Abu Simbel, Sharm el-Sheikh, Aswan, Hurghada and other main centres, and there is also a comprehensive east-west rail network from Sallom on the Libyan border to Alexandria and Cairo, and along the Nile to Luxor and Aswan.

A steamer service links Hurghada with Sham el-Sheik in Sinai. Feluccas (traditional Nile sailing boats) can be hired for sailing on the Nile and regular Nile cruises operate between Luxor and Aswan and occasionally between Cairo and Aswan.

Car hire is available, and the Nile Valley and Delta and the Mediterranean and Red Sea coasts are served by paved roads. The speed limit is usually 90 km/h on motorways and 100 km/h on the desert motorway, with substantial fines for speeding. However, motoring in the desert without suitable vehicles and a guide is not recommended.

The national bus system serves the coastal road and the Nile Valley. Metered taxis are available in all the larger cities; in Alexandria taxis are orange and black, whilst in Cairo they are white and black. In addition, there are other buses and fixed-route shared minibus and taxi services run by private operators. Cheap, long-distance group taxis are available for all destinations; fares should be agreed in advance.

Cairo's suburban railways provide a rapid transit network, including Africa's first underground railway. Alexandria also has tramways and buses, with first- and second-class and distance-regulated fares.