Flag of Colombia

Columbia

The Republic of Colombia is the north-westernmost country of South America; bordered to the North by the Atlantic Ocean, through the Caribbean Sea; to the east by Venezuela and Brazil; to the south by Ecuador and Peru; and to the west by Panama and the Pacific Ocean. Colombia is the only country in South America that borders both the Atlantic and the Pacific Ocean.

The word 'Colombia' comes from the name of Christopher Columbus (Cristoforo Colombo in Italian). The flag is yellow, blue and red; with the yellow representing the richness of the Colombian gold, the blue representing the two oceans which border North and West Colombia, and the red representing the both blood of the people who fought for independence, and the blood of Jesus Christ showing Colombia's catholic roots.

Colombia is a large and physically diverse nation. Its vast territory is one of great physical contrasts, ranging from the towering, snow-capped peaks of the Andes to the hot, humid plains of the Amazon River Basin.

With dramatically beautiful rainforests, mountains and beaches, lovely cities and enchanting people, Colombia should be a magnet for travellers. Unfortunately, the activities of rebel guerrilla groups, paramilitary militias and drug traffickers have pushed 'Locombia' (the mad country) somewhat off-limits. However, since the election of Álvaro Uribe, the security situation has improved somewhat.

Map of Colombia